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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, CBT, is one of the most popular psychotherapy techniques that is used to manage common psychological issues. Stemming from the standard terms, cognitive (how you think) and behavioural (how you act), CBT entails understanding that your thoughts and feelings can have an impact on the way you behave in adverse situations.

CBT is a form of talk therapy that has been practised for the past 30 years and has been proven to be beneficial for :

  • Generalised Anxiety

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

  • Phobias

  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Depression

  • Eating Disorders

  • Somatic Disorders

  • Sexual Dysfunction

  • Couples/Marital problems

  • Social Anxiety

  • Anger & Stress Management

  • Child Behaviour Problems

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Background

Cognitive-behavioural therapy addresses the common problem of having our thoughts and assumptions making us emotionally upset. In fact, many times we are not distressed about the event, instead it is our thoughts and feelings regarding these events that tend to make us unhappy.

These thoughts and assumptions are called cognitive distortions. They are called distortions because they are fallacies and will easily veer us away from the truth.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy has the foundation that our thoughts, feelings, and actions are in a cycle. So we can have a negative perception regarding a situation which leads to negative thoughts, which further results in us taking negative actions. Since this a loop, the negative reaction will produce more negative feelings. We must break ourselves from this destructive cycle, which has a cascade effect.

Fortunately, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy uses practical methods to stop the negative cycle by changing the way we think or act.

Main elements of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

To ensure the success of each Cognitive Behavioural Therapy session, CBT adheres to 5 main elements.


A noteworthy aspect of CBT is that therapy sessions are directed to a particular problem that you may have. For instance, you may have a strained relationship with your parents, or you may be suffering from performance anxiety. Once you solve that problem, you and your psychologist can either assess if any other issues need to be addressed or end the treatment. Your psychologist may also suggest activities you can do to maintain these new skills.


Addressing the current situation is widely beneficial, which can make CBT more practical than traditional talk therapy. Present problems that you are experiencing are dealt with first, in a systematic approach. This manner will foster achieving more in a shorter time within each session.


CBT has a shorter treatment time compared to that of traditional talk therapy. Once you have achieved relief from your symptoms and are appropriately equipped for future success, then your treatment can end. However, it should be noted that treatment plans can vary from patient to patient. CBT treatment usually has a duration of months to a year. But, people who have chronic psychological issues may require a more extended treatment plan.


You and your psychologist are on this journey together. They are committed to being there with you and helping you through your process. You can rely on them to provide you with the warmth, support and care you will need as you step out of your comfort zone and embark on the road to recovery.


Both, you and your therapist have to take an active role in your treatments. Instead of taking a passive manner by merely speaking about the issue, each session will be complemented with practical tasks such as self-help assignments, homework and incorporating necessary CBT tools. Each session will involve gathering feedback on the current approach and adapt it for optimal results.

Telehealth and CBT?

Telehealth is a new and upcoming tool used healthcare in the digital age. It is an effective way for health care providers, therapists and psychologists to reach their patients using technology, especially when clients are in rural or remote locations with no therapist nearby.

A recent research paper on the use of CBT for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) found similar that CBT done by telehealth lead to symptom reduction. The authors of the study felt the results were similar to those seen when therapy sessions were done in the office or “face to face”.

Cognitive-behavioural therapy is a simple yet effective form of talk therapy that helps to treat common mental health issues. There are many aspects of CBT and various tools that promote its efficacy. Epsychiatry psychologists provide medicare funded psychology services using telehealth. Our psychologists are experts in providing CBT and have many years of experience helping clients.


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​E: support@epsychiatry.com.au

This is not an emergency service. Same day consults are not available. If you are in distress please contact your nearest emergency department, your local area mental health service triage or dial "000".  

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