It's a mood disorder characterised by extreme highs and lows in mood and energy levels. Previously known as manic-depression, this term captures well the two opposite poles of the illness. Between experiencing these two opposite periods, people with bipolar can act and feel normal.
There are a number of mood conditions, with bipolar I disorder and bipolar II disorder being two of them. Bipolar II disorder is characterised by having hypomanic episodes. People with bipolar I disorder have on on the other hand experienced manic episodes.
What causes Bipolar disorder?
There are likely a number of causes for bipolar disorder. Researchers note there sometimes to be a genetic link. People with bipolar might find their mood changes when they are under stress, have slept poorly or used drugs.
What are some of the signs and Symptoms?
Feeling very happy, increased energy and reduce need for sleep. People around you might comment that you are talking faster, doing things which are uncharacteristic of you or taking on risks.
Almost everyone with bipolar will experience periods of depression. These episodes are characterised by overwhelming sadness, withdrawal and feeling hopeless. With bipolar depression, people can lose their appetite, feel agitated or think about death.